In the arrangement of words, while a strict alphabetical order is followed, words of the same form — whether etymologically related or not — are not treated in dis- tinct articles, but the definition of one immediately follows that of another in the same paragraph, being separated from it only by a dash; as, " Ab'o-rig'i-nal, «. In submitting this work to the judgment of the public, the Editor indulges the hope that the protracted labor and unremitting care he has bestowed upon it have resulted in the production of a Dictionary which will be found to answer all the purposes for which it is intended. The difference in spelling between the noun and the verb is properly observed, in words of this kind, only in such as are accented on the last syllable, as device, devise. There is a class of adjectives ending either in able or in ible, of which a large majority have the termina- tion able ; as, blamable, laudable, legible, mutable, naviga- ble, vendible. des), denoting separation, a parting from ; hence it generally has the force of a nega- tivfe. desmans: firman, firmans ; talisman, talismans: German. The plurals of talisman and Musstdman are sometimes, by a gross blunder, written talismen and Massulmen. A few plurals end in en : namely, brother, brethren; child, children; ox, oxen. With regard to other nouns ending in t usage differs, though they are more properly written with the termination is. The plural of alkali is written alkalis or alkali"S ; that of rabbi, either rabbis or rabbies. facere, fieri, } A ter- mination of verbs, denoting to makt, to become. The plurals of letters are also rarely expressed by simply doubling them, without adding any plural sign : as, the two ee in bee, the two 11 in all; but this practice is not to be commended, as ee, U, &c, are properly read double e, double I, &c. To express the plural of a letter, figure, or any character or sign, or of a word mentioned without regard to its meaning, the letter 5, generally preceded by the apostrophe, is appended, as in the phrases, K The two Vs in all ; " Two *'s in Orion ; : ' " The why's and ivherefore's of the question." Some writers, however, omit the apostrophe in such cases, joining the s immediately to the letter, character, or word, as in the phrases " The two Is in all ; " tf Two *s in Orion ; " Others still write the names of the letters with their proper plural endings, instead of the letters themselves : as, the two ees, efs, ells, esses, and the like. Before b and p, it becomes im ; before /, m , r, the n assimilates itself to these con- sonants. At the end of names of places, er signifies a man of the place ; thus, Londoner is the same as London man. —Hater, farmer, heater, grater, builder, waiter, lover, doer, mak- er, strainer, poker, ruler, pointer, paint- er, voter. The plural of wharf is generally written ivharfs in England; in the United States it is more commonly, but improperly, written wharves, as it is also by some recent English writers. In chemistry, prefixed to the name of a compound containing oxy- gen, it designates another compound containing less oxygen ; as hypo-ni- trous acid, which contains less oxygen than nitrous acid.
They are the following : namely, some compounds of all and well; as, almighty, almost, alone, a'ready, also, although, altogether, ahvays, withal, there- withal, wherewithal, welcome, welfare ; — compounds of mass; as, Candlemas, Christmas, Lammas, Michaelmas, &c. This rule includes words ending in quy, in which u, being pronounced like w, is strictly a consonant : as, colloquy, colloquies. — In before lis changed intoi V; before r, into ir ; before a labial, into im. § 148 (19)- Nouns ending in y preceded by a consonant form their plural by adding es and changing y into i: as, mercy, mercies ; lady, ladies ; sky, skies ; army, armies ; pity, pities. ina.] A prefix from the Latin in, often used in composition, and signifying with- in, into, or among, or serving to render emphatic the sense of the word to which it is prefixed. Webster, with the co-oper- ation of the late Professor Chauncey A. To these may be added the obsolete forms eyne, kine, shoon, hosen, housen, (from eye, cow, shoe, hose, house), the first three of which, though they have received a slightly different form, end, as pro- nounced, with the sound of n. The words brother, die, pea, and penny, have each two plurals of different forms and with different significations : as, brothers, male children of the same parent, also, members of the same society, association, class, or profession ; brethren, members of the same religious or ec- clesiastical body, the word in this form being rarely used except in religious writings, or in scriptural language, where it also has the same meaning that brother has in ordinary language ; dies, implements for making im- pressions by stamping, or for making screws, also the cubical parts of pedestals ; dice, the cubical blocks used in games of chance ; peas, seeds of the pea-plant, when a defi- nite number is mentioned ; pease, the same in bulk, or spoken of collectively ; pennies, the coins, especially when a definite number is mentioned ; pence, the amount reckoned by these coins. A few words, mostly names of animals, have the same form in the plural as in the singular : as, deer, sheep, trout, and the like. Many words adopted from foreign languages retain their original plurals: as, datum, data; criterion, criteria; genus, genera; larva, larvse, ; crisis, crises; mat- rix, matrices ; focus, foci ; monsieur, messieurs. ver.] As a prefix to verbs, for has usually the force of a negative or privative, denoting for th, away, out, without. Such are the chief features of this Dictionary, which, as it now stands, revised in all its departments, and enriched by many important additions, considerably exceeds its original limits ; the size of the page having been somewhat increased, and more than one hundred pages added to the number contained in the former edition. A first or original inhabitant." This has been done to save space ; but the inspector will find that facility of reference has not been sacri- ficed to the necessity for compression. K, A, long, as in A, X, short ,0,8 in E, E, long, as in £, E, short, as in I, I, long, as in . The verb practice is thus written like the noun, in preference to the form practise, though the latter spell- ing is used by many writers, especially in England. /.*." When the singular of a noun ends in y preceded by a vowel (except u having the power of iv), the plural is regu- larly formed by adding 5 only : as, day, days; key, keys ; money, moneys: attorney, attorneys; alloy, alloys; guy, guys. The same prefix is sometimes used in compounds not of Latin origin. — /mbibe, immense, im- partial, immoral, import, imprint, im- bank, imbitter, imprison.