In this case, there are more than 5,000 ethnic groups in the world, according to a 1998 study published in the Scientific American. When some people use the “race” they attach a biological meaning, still others use “race” as a socially constructed concept. .”biological race,” I mean the view of race espoused by Judge Tucker, and still popular today, that there exist natural, physical divisions among humans that are hereditary, reflected in morphology, and roughly but correctly captured by terms like Black, White, and Asian (or Negroid, Caucasoid, and Mongoloid). Despite the prevalent belief in biological races, overwhelming evidence proves that race is not biological.
It is clear that even though race does not have a biological meaning, it does have a social meaning which has been legally constructed. Under this view, one’s ancestors and epidermis ineluctably determine membership in a genetically defined racial group. Biological races like Negroid and Caucasoid simply do not exist.
The connection between human physiognomy and racial status is concrete; in Judge Tucker’s words, every individual’s race has been “stampt” by nature. A newly popular argument among several scholars, is that races are wholly illusory, whether as a biological or social concept.
One’s race is not determined by a single gene or gene cluster, as is, for example, sickle cell anemia. During oral argument, Scalia attacked the argument that granting minorities broadcasting licenses would enhance diversity by blasting “the policy as a matter of ‘blood,’ at one point charging that the policy reduced to a question of ‘blood . In other words, social meanings connect our faces to our souls. Referents of terms like Black, White, Asian, and Latino are social groups, not genetically distinct branches of humankind.This is another way of saying that the differences between human races are not great, even though they may appear so, i.e. All races of mankind in the world can interbreed because they have so much in common.All races share 99.99 % of the same genetic materials which means that division of race is largely subjective, and that the original 3-5 races were also probably just subjective descriptions as well.Evidence shows that those features usually coded to race, for example, stature, skin color, hair texture, and facial structure, do not correlate strongly with genetic variation. In the end, we should embrace historian Barbara Fields’s succinct conclusion with respect to the plausibility of biological races: “Anyone who continues to believe in race as a physical attribute of individuals, despite the now commonplace disclaimers of biologists and geneticists, might as well also believe that Santa Claus, the Easter Bunny and the tooth fairy are real, and that the earth stands still while the sun moves.” . , is the earliest metrical work on Brahminical Dharma in Hinduism. Wise men should marry only women who are free from bodily defects, with beautiful names, grace/gait like an elephant, moderate hair on the head and body, soft limbs and small teeth. Nor are races marked by important differences in gene frequencies, the rates of appearance of certain gene types. Race is neither an essence nor an illusion, but rather an ongoing, contradictory, self-reinforcing process subject to the macro forces of social and political struggle and the micro effects of daily decisions.